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Title

Impact on the Daily and Working Life in the Population with Rheumatoid Arthritis in Qom de Rosario (Argentina)

Titulo

Afetação da vida cotidiana e laboral na população Qom de Rosário (Argentina) com artrite reumatoide

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.19052/eq.vol1.iss35.2

Fecha de recepción

19 de noviembre de 2019

Fecha de aceptación

12 de julio de 2019

Resumen

Este artículo tiene por objetivo valorar el grado de autonomía que presentan personas autorreconocidas como Qom diagnosticadas con artritis reumatoidea, y determinar en qué medida esta enfermedad afecta sus actividades de la vida cotidiana y laboral. Para evaluar la dependencia funcional se aplicó el índice de Barthel, mientras que para conocer la afectación de la enfermedad en la vida de las personas se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas. Los principales resultados indicaron que la prevalencia de artritis reumatoidea fue mayor que en el común de la población; las mujeres son más afectadas por la enfermedad, que se presenta a una edad más temprana, y el tratamiento realizado no permite remitir los síntomas. En cuanto a la relación entre el grado de dependencia y la actividad laboral, si bien la asociación entre ambas variables no resultó estadísticamente significativa, cerca del 30 % de la muestra no podía trabajar o se encontraba desempleada a causa de la enfermedad, y el resto realizaba las tareas con distintos grados de dificultad. Se discuten los hallazgos y se realizan recomendaciones que posibiliten diseñar políticas y estrategias sanitarias efectivas, capaces de reducir las inequidades en esta población

Palabras clave

actividades laborales, artritis reumatoidea, población Qom, valoración funcional

Abstract

This article aims to assess the level of autonomy among the persons self-identified as Qom people who are diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, and also to determine to what extent the disease impacts both their daily and working activities. Barthel Index was used to assess their functional dependence. On the other hand, semi-structured interviews were used to know how the disease affected the lives of people. The main results indicated that the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis among them was higher than in the general population. Women are most frequently affected by the disease and at an earlier age, and the applied treatment does not alleviate the symptoms. Regarding the relationship between the level of dependence and the working activity, despite the relationship between the variables was not statistically significant, about 30% of the sample was either not able to work or unemployed because of the disease. The remaining sample did their work with varying levels of difficulty. The outcomes are discussed and some recommendations are provided to enable the designing of effective public health policies and strategies, which would allow reducing the inequities among this population

Keywords

working activities, rheumatoid arthritis, Qom population, functional assessment

Resumo

This article aims to assess the level of autonomy among the persons self-identified as Qom people who are diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, and also to determine to what extent the disease impacts both their daily and working activities. Barthel Index was used to assess their functional dependence. On the other hand, semi-structured interviews were used to know how the disease affected the lives of people. The main results indicated that the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis among them was higher than in the general population. Women are most frequently affected by the disease and at an earlier age, and the applied treatment does not alleviate the symptoms. Regarding the relationship between the level of dependence and the working activity, despite the relationship between the variables was not statistically significant, about 30% of the sample was either not able to work or unemployed because of the disease. The remaining sample did their work with varying levels of difficulty. The outcomes are discussed and some recommendations are provided to enable the designing of effective public health policies and strategies, which would allow reducing the inequities among this population

Palavras clave

working activities, rheumatoid arthritis, Qom population, functional assessment

Tipo de documento

Artículo

Licencia Creative Commons

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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