Resumen

San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina are located in the Caribbean Sea, it has a land area of 52.5 square kilometers, equivalent to 0.005% of the country, and 250,000 square kilometers of patrimonial sea. At the same time, it has maritime borders with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, Panama and the Dominican Republic.The economy of the island of San Andres is based mainly on tourism and commerce; daily came to the islands tourists from different Colombian cities and others from abroad, in search of rest and relaxation; the above activities are complemented by the characteristics of agriculture and subsistence fishing, which are insufficient to supply the islands and this makes the interior of the country must import most of the food for daily consumption, both natural and for the tourists. The main agricultural product commercially exploited in the archipelago, is the coconut, but also avocado, sugarcane, mango, orange, yam, noni and cassava productions which were produced were declining through the years by damage soil and urbanization of many areas (Government of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina, 2014).That is why Nicaragua again brought before the International Court of Justice in The Hague (ICJ) suit against Colombia on the sovereignty of the waters and the three keys, on November 19, 2012, the court issues a ruling background which confirms the sovereignty of Colombia over the Roncador, Serrana and Quitasueño cays but in turn gives sovereignty to Nicaragua over the waters, which for the first time in the history of Colombia will have territories enclave, that means this part of Colombian territory is completely surrounded by Nicaraguan territory.Since fishing is the source of income for many island families, working in areas that the International Court of Justice ceded to Nicaragua, which are the richest in variety of fish, lobster and conch, among other species. That is why families are engaged in artisanal fisheries in San Andres Island have been affected after the failure of The Hague and interventionist measures taken by Nicaragua to exercise sovereignty in these areas.

Palabras clave

Demanda de propiedades, Declaración de hechos, Demanda (Teoría económica), Límites, Zonas marinas, Economía

Tipo de documento

Trabajo de grado - Pregrado

Licencia Creative Commons

Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Fecha de elaboración

1-1-2016

Programa académico

Finanzas y Comercio Internacional

Facultad

Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales

Publisher

Universidad de La Salle. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Finanzas y Comercio Internacional

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