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Tutor 1

Martha Cecilia López Fonseca

Resumen

Colombia desde los años 60 ha venido pactando importantes acuerdos comerciales con los cuales se ha buscado la internacionalización de la economía colombiana por medio de la integración con socios comerciales que han considerado estratégicos, logrando beneficios arancelarios para incentivar la producción nacional y la exportación. Uno de ellos es el Acuerdo de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN), perteneciente a este desde 1969 con la suscripción del acuerdo de Cartagena. (Comunidad Andina, sf). A raíz de los beneficios otorgados a los países miembros de la CAN sobre la importación de arroz y la entrada ilegal de este cereal, ha generado que los arroceros colombianos, especialmente los pequeños productores, sintiendo su inconformismo con las crecientes importaciones de arroz desde Ecuador, país que se encuentra en el segundo lugar de la lista de los principales proveedores de arroz de Colombia después de Estados Unidos (Trademap, sf), lo que significa que la producción nacional colombiana está viendo de manera significativa y por lo tanto se requiere tomar las medidas pertinentes para mitigar las consecuencias derivadas de esta situación.

Resumen en lengua extranjera 1

Since the 1960's, Colombia has been according on important trades in which the internationalization from the Colombian economy has been looked through integration with considered strategic commercial partners, achieving tariff benefits to incentivize national production and export. One of them is the Andean Community of Nations Agreement (CAN), belonging to the Cartagena's agreement since 1969. (Comunidad Andina, s f.). As a result from the benefits granted to the member countries of the CAN on the importation of rice and the illegal entry of this cereal, it has led Colombian farmers, especially small producers, to express their disagreement with the growing imports of rice from Ecuador, country that is on the second place in the list of main rice suppliers of Colombia after the United States (Trademap, s.f.), which means that the Colombian national's production is being significantly affected, and therefore, it is necessary to take the relevant measures to mitigate the consequences arising from this situation. The affectation mentioned previously, helped to consider the following question: ¿What implications has the agreement had with the Andean Community of Nations for the small Colombian rice producers?, through which it has been proved that the Ecuadorian production has a comparative advantage in terms of production costs, also, the CAN's court of justice has repeatedly ruled against Colombia for prohibiting the importation of Ecuadorian rice. In addition to this, Colombia exceeded its production, which is present on the graph 1 of this document, due to the consumption growing in a smaller way than production, that means that the rice presents the opportunity and availability to be sold abroad.

Programa académico

Finanzas y Comercio Internacional

Palabras clave

Acuerdo de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones, Pequeños productores, Colombia, Ecuador, Subsector arrocero, Comercio internacional, Agreement of the Andean Community of Nations, Small producers, Colombia, Ecuador, Rice subsector, International trade

Tipo de documento

Trabajo de grado - Pregrado

Licencia Creative Commons

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Fecha de elaboración

2019

Programa académico

Finanzas y Comercio Internacional

Facultad

Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales

Publisher

Universidad de La Salle. Facultad Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Finanzas y Comercio Internacional

Included in

Finance Commons

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