Tutor 1

Galvis Remolina, Boris René

Resumen

En el presente trabajo se realizó la reformulación del plan de contingencia para la calidad de aire de Bogotá –PCAB-, en convenio con la Secretaria Distrital de Ambiente –SDA-, y la Universidad de la Salle, en el cual se encuentran inmersas todas las estrategias, acciones y procedimientos preestablecidos para controlar y atender los episodios, que puedan presentarse eventualmente en la ciudad de Bogotá; así mismo se tienen en cuenta las actividades generadoras de contaminación y las condiciones climáticas y meteorológicas de la misma; basados en análisis objetivos y en el monitoreo de la contaminación ambiental. El Plan de Contingencia de Calidad de Aire para la ciudad de Bogotá –PCAB-, se diseña para, prevenir, mitigar o reducir el estado de concentración que exceda los niveles de prevención, alerta y emergencia contemplados en el Artículo 10 de la resolución 601 de 2006 de los contaminantes: PM10, O3, CO, SO2, NO2, ya que estos varían de acuerdo a los factores de concentración, duración a la exposición y meteorología de la zona. Para lograrlos se plantea la articulación de estrategias, acciones y procedimientos preestablecidos, entre entidades del Distrito, el sector industrial y el sector transporte de la ciudad, con el objetivo de reducir la exposición a la población influenciada.

Resumen en lengua extranjera 1

In this work was performed reformulation of the contingency plan for air quality in Bogota-PCAB-in agreement with the District Secretary for Environment-SDA, and the University of La Salle, which are all immersed strategies, actions and procedures to control and meet predetermined episodes, which eventually may arise in the city of Bogotá, also takes into account the activities that generate pollution and climatic conditions and weather in the same; based on objective analyses and monitoring environmental pollution. The Contingency Plan for Air Quality for the city of Bogota-PCAB, is designed to prevent, mitigate or reduce the state of concentration that exceeds the levels of prevention, warning and emergency under Article 10 of resolution 601 of 2006 of pollutants: PM10, O3, CO, SO2, NO2, as these vary according to factors of concentration, length of exposure and weather in the area. To achieve this raises the articulation of strategies, actions and procedures preset between entities District, industrial and transport sector of the city, with the aim of reducing exposure to the affected population. For adequate reformulation of PCAB, first conducted an assessment of former contingency plan formulated by the Technical Administrative Department of Environment (Dame 2001), through a matrix DOF, thereby identifying Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats Strengths of the same. Within the reformulation of the contingency plan for air quality in Bogota, was taken into account three specific components: The diagnosis: which relates the collection and analysis of information, along with the analysis and evaluation of previous plan, and the identification and study of social actors, and identifying problematic. The risk assessment: is the data analysis of major pollutants, thus generating a map of risk by area-source pollution and obtaining a qualitative matrix, which relates the behavior of the weather with the city concentration of pollutants, proposing the implementation of a predictive model for these two variables. The strategy: establishing inter-agency coordination mechanisms at district level, which allows proceedings through four stages: prevention, declaration, care and lifting of the declaration generation and the adoption of the proposed measures to mitigate the episodes air pollution. For the prevention stage where we take into account the disclosure of PCAB is prepared for his book taking into account the child population, as the awareness in action belongs to a large part of it. For the entity would have a better process for the adoption of the plan at the district level raises the approval plans and implementation of the PCAB, which includes the implementation strategies, will ratify the commitments made by entities district (action plans) generating a socialization and training PCAB (corresponding primer), a proposal document for the decree of adoption will contingency plan for air quality for the city of Bogota PCAB.

Programa académico

Ingeniería Ambiental y Sanitaria

Palabras clave

Contaminantes de la atmósfera, Plan de contingencia

Tipo de documento

Trabajo de grado - Pregrado

Licencia Creative Commons

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Fecha de elaboración

1-1-2008

Programa académico

Ingeniería Ambiental y Sanitaria

Facultad

Facultad de Ingeniería

Publisher

Universidad de La Salle. Facultad de Ingeniería. Ingeniería Ambiental y Sanitaria

Compartir

COinS